A microclimate not seen anywhere else in the world
A characteristic feature of the sea climate is mild winter and moderate summer, as well as autumn warmer than spring, making the season much longer here than in other places in Poland.
Jurata is located in the middle of the Hel Spit - a region unique in Europe, which since 1978 belongs to the Coastal Landscape Park and is located in the area of high impact of the Baltic Sea.
There is a specific microclimate here, characterized by the highest concentration of iodine in the air and soil.
Iodine is an element necessary for the proper functioning of the body and has a significant impact on the treatment of respiratory diseases - including asthma, allergies, and thyroid disorders. In addition, this element has a positive effect on well-being and supports antidepressant therapy, has a beneficial effect on the treatment of obesity, rheumatism and many other diseases.
Due to the highest rainfall in the summer months, therapeutic stays are recommended from autumn to spring, when the weather permits walking and the iodine concentration is almost twice as high as in summer.
In Hel-Bór, between Jurata and Hel, in 2006, the floristic nature reserve 'Helskie Wydmy' was created. The reserve consists of 104.74 ha of dunes and forest. In addition, the buffer zone of the reserve was designated in the form of 7.62 ha of beaches.
The purpose of nature protection in the reserve is to preserve grassland, heath and forest systems. Lichen and lichen fungi deserve special attention.
The natural dune landscape is unique on the Polish scale.
The vegetation growing on Jurata is typical for the whole spit, although Jurata is the only resort on the Polish coast located in the heart of the pine forest. In addition to Scots pine, Jurassic forests are overgrown with juniper, sand willow, common hair, lingonberry (you can pick berries during walks) and black crowberry.
On the beaches slightly distant from the town itself, you can find sand honkencia, spiky brine and sand dunes inhibiting - watercress. White dunes are overgrown with loose grasses, such as: common sandbox and sand blast, as well as less common butterbur, coastal pea and mugwort. Gray dunes are also covered with herbaceous plants, cyanobacteria, sand sedge, brush gray and sand frogs.
The waters surrounding the Hel Peninsula are inhabited by various species of sea fish, such as flounder, herring, cod, salmon and sea trout. Gray seals, white-nosed dolphins and porpoises can also be found here. Cormorants, grebes, sandparks, lapwings, gulls, terns, petrels, hedgehogs, foxes, roe deer, hares and wild boars constitute the permanent fauna of the area.